Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer among UK men aged 15-45. If it’s found early, it is very curable.  It is really important that men check themselves regularly and contact their GP practice if they notice anything persistent or unusual for them.


Possible symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • Lump or swelling in either testicle
  • Heaviness in the scrotum
  • A testicle that gets bigger
  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum
  • Pain in the lower back

These could be symptoms of something else.  However it is always best to speak to your GP practice about any unusual, persistent symptoms like these.

By doing regular checks yourself, you’ll know what is normal for you and help you spot any changes early. If you are unsure what to do, Cahonas Scotland has produced a self-check guide.


  1. When detected in its early stages testicular cancer is 96% curable.
  2. Testicular cancer mostly affects men aged between 15-45.
  3. 2,400 men are diagnosed in the UK each year.

Getting Checked - what’s involved

Some people put off contacting their GP practice because they think they’ll be wasting their time or perhaps feel embarrassed. But if you’ve noticed any possible symptoms and you’re at all worried, they want to know.

If you’d feel more comfortable with a male nurse or GP, be sure to mention this when you make your appointment.

They might:

  • Ask questions about your symptoms and general health.
  • Depending on your symptoms they may do a general examination. They will feel for any areas that might be swollen or don’t feel normal. And if you have any pain they will feel those areas too.
  • Examine your testicles and feel the lymph nodes at the top of your legs.
  • Recommend some blood tests are done.

After your examination, your doctor might need to refer you to hospital for tests, such as an ultrasound. Or they might refer you directly to a specialist. 

If they don’t think you need a referral or any tests, they might ask you to come back in a week or two if your symptoms continue. Go back if they change or get any worse.

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